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  • Title
    The Workers’ Medical and Vocational Rehabilitation System of Social Insurance in Korea
  • Date
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  • ※ This paper was presented at the international seminar “Systematization of the Social Insurance Functions: Focusing on the Workers’ Medical and Vocational Rehabilitation,” co-organized by the Korea Labor Institute, Korea Workers’ Compensation and Welfare Service, and Workers Accident Medical Corporation on October 24, 2008, in Seoul, Korea.
    ※ Senior Research Fellow, Korea Labor Institute


    National Competitiveness Enhancement and a Healthy Skilled Labor Force

    As a result of Korea’s low birthrate and rapidly aging population, the country’s total population is expected to decrease by the year 2020, and its working-age population (those 15-64 years of age) is expected to decrease by 2017 (see Table 1). The growth rate of the working-age population is expected to drop drastically beginning in 2009 to a meager 0.27% in 2018 (see Figure 1). The population growth for the 15-64 age group will decrease even more rapidly; as a result, absolute population will decrease by around 2017 (Keum, 2008, p. 12). Such a decrease in the work-aging population will reduce corporate productivity and national competitiveness. Therefore, it is important to prevent diseases or industrial accidents in order to maintain and preserve a healthy labor force and to increase national competitiveness.