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Analysis of the Effect of Green Growth on Jobs: with Focus on Technological Innovation and Climate Change Convention
Analysis of the Effect of Green Growth on Jobs: with Focus on Technological Innovation and Climate Change Convention
  • SUMMARY

    The question of whether green growth actually promotes job creation is extremely important to Korea, as it has declared that it will change its economic paradigm to that of a green economy and because it seeks to claim leadership in the international community in this area. In countries that have achieved industrialization and that maintain a stable level of economic growth, job creation is a rather difficult policy task that is still of utmost priority. Green growth is usually thought to be realized through technological innovation that leads to economic development that then brings about the creation of employment opportunities. This idea that green growth creates more employment is criticized, however, from the following standpoints. First, can we really claim that technological innovation in the green sector promotes job creation when employment is actually decreasing in the manufacturing industry in which technological innovations for green growth are centered? Second, won’t green growth lead to a decrease in employment due to the heavier cost burden levied on businesses in the form of new regulations, environmental taxes, the introduction of carbon-emissions trading, and other changes in the economic paradigm associated with green growth?  And third, won’t employment actually decrease in industries that face restructuring pressures as the paradigm shifts towards green growth?
    This report consists of six chapters that elaborate on the aforementioned concerns on job creation as related to green growth. Chapter 2 discusses the relationship between green growth, green jobs, and job creation and explains the limitations to the analysis of the relationship. Chapter 3 looks at the example of Germany -- a country that has already pursued green growth for quite a while -- and their experience of creating jobs, most notably through programs involving renewable energy and projects to retrofit buildings, and seeks to analyze how education and training related to green growth was utilized in Germany during this process. Chapter 4 analyzes previous studies to examine the influence of technological innovation on economic growth and job creation. Through this analysis, we aim to see whether green-technology innovation -- an important key to green growth -- does in fact ensure the creation of new jobs. Chapter 5 attempts to analyze the impact of the Climate Change Convention on jobs. The notion of green growth grew out of the need for countries to fulfill their obligations to reduce carbon emissions as agreed upon in the Climate Change Convention. The virtuous cycle of green growth leads to increased investment, the expansion of new industries, and rosy prospects for more jobs. Meanwhile, the Climate Change Convention can lead to a vicious cycle of increased costs, decreased production, and a smaller number of jobs in Korean businesses. We must analyze the interaction of these two somewhat contradictory forces if we are to be able to foresee the influence of this interaction on job creation and destruction, and to identify other factors that influence job creation within the context of such interaction of contradictory forces. Through this analysis, we seek to examine which approaches can be helpful for climate-change policies and green-growth policies to act as positive factors within Korea’s labor market. Chapter 6 provides a final summary of the previous chapters and sets forth an overview of the policy implications of our analysis.
     
    - Table of Contents -

    Chapter 1.   Introduction
    Chapter 2.   Green Growth and Green Jobs
    Chapter 3.   Green Growth and Job Creation: The Example of Germany
    Chapter 4.   Technological Innovation and Job Creation
    Chapter 5.   The Impact of the Climate Change Convention on the Labor Market
    Chapter 6.   Summary and Conclusion

Sung-teak Kim's other publications : 8
{Research Series} posts
No Title Author Date Attach
8 Foreign Case Studies on Youth Labor Market and Employment Policies: Japan Sung-teak Kim December 28, 2018 Foreign Case Studies on Youth Labor Market and Employment Policies: Japan
7 How Much Has Korea’s Employment Service Advanced? Sung-teak Kim December 30, 2015 How Much Has Korea’s Employment Service Advanced?
6 Analysis of the Effect of Green Growth on Jobs: with Focus on Technological Innovation and Climate Change Convention Sung-teak Kim December 30, 2010 Analysis of the Effect of Green Growth on Jobs: with Focus on Technological Innovation and Climate Change Convention
5 A Study on the Assistance Plan for Workers Affected by Free Trade Agreement Sung-teak Kim, H. J. Im, H. R. Park February 28, 2007 A Study on the Assistance Plan for Workers Affected by Free Trade Agreement
4 Employment Policy to Counter the Korea-Japan FTA Sung-Teak Kim, In-Kyo Jeong, Jung-Ran Cho April 21, 2006 Employment Policy to Counter the Korea-Japan FTA
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