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A Comparative Study on Labor Migration Management in Selected Countries
A Comparative Study on Labor Migration Management in Selected Countries
    Amid increased international trade, trans-border labor migration has become more vigorous.
    This rapid international movement of workforce is well illustrated by the fact that the number
    of international migrants - those people living and working outside their country of birth or
    citizenship for 12 months and more - reached 175 million in 2000. If the world’s migrant
    nation were in one place, “Migrant Nation” would be the fifth most populous country in the
    world after China, India, the United States and Indonesia (Martin, 2003). Moreover, when
    the WTO negotiations on trade in the service sector are settled, the cross-border movement
    of labor is expected to further accelerate.

    Through comparison and analysis of labor migration policies in advanced countries, this
    study is aimed at providing basic data necessary for the effective development of labor
    migration policies and systems to countries like Korea that utilize foreign labor, yet are faced
    with a number of problems. The experience gained by major countries covered in this study
    will provide valuable lessons to developing countries, which, like Korea, will be transformed
    from sending countries into host countries. In addition to developing countries, labor
    migration policies and experiences of other countries will also provide valuable lessons to
    developed countries. This report is largely divided into two parts. In Part I, labor migration
    policies in major countries are comparatively analyzed centering on key issues, while in
    Part II labor migration policies in selected countries are introduced by country .